A frequent cause of heel pain isPlantar Fasciitis It is one of the most common foot conditions among my patients. The Plantar Fascia is a very long ligament that attaches to the bottom of the heel bone and extends through the arch to the ball of the foot (just before the toes). Plantar Fasciitis is caused by micro-tears in the plantar fascia which could cause chronic inflammation. Custom-made orthopedic insoles resolve most chronic cases without the need for immobilization, cortisone injections or surgery. With my clinical experience, I find that only 1 in 50 of my patients requires surgery for this problem. What are heel spurs? Heel spurs are bony outgrowths from the bottom of the heel bone. Treatments for heel spurs are very similar to treatments for Plantar Fasciitis.
Plantar warts are caused by the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) which enters the skin through small cuts or micro cracks. Once in the skin, the virus replicates causing a bump which is actually a benign tumour. Malignant transformation in this type of HPV virus is extremely rare. Children especially teenagers tend to be more susceptible to warts than adults. Most warts are harmless and benign but can be painful and unsightly. Warts are often caught from walking barefooted on wet dirty surfaces in public places. There are several simple procedures your podiatrist can perform to remove warts. The skin on the bottom of the foot is the thickest in the body and for this reason, a plantar wart can be resistant to traditional treatments found in the local Pharmacy. Azote (liquid nitrogen) treatments are generally not effective for plantar warts because the virus (human papillomavirus) can survive in liquid nitrogen.
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Children should never have foot pain, it is not normal and especially younger ones, may not always have the words needed to explain that they are experiencing a foot problem. As parents, we need to look for non-verbal clues that will tell us our kid’s feet are in pain. Here are a few solid signs to watch for: 1) Your child will not allow you to examine their feet. Often, they are hiding a problem such as an ingrown toenail or a fungal infection. 2) Your child refuses to do activities that they normally love. Heel or arch pain can be the cause of this. 3) Your child falls a lot. This can be due to a flat foot or ligaments that are not strong enough to hold the bone structure up. Orthotics solve this problem almost 100 % of the time. 4) You notice that your child walks with their feet pointed in or out or they walk excessively on the tips of their toes. 5) If Your child tells you their feet, ankles, or toes hurt. Most of these problems can be resolved rapidly with the help of a Podiatrist.
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Bunions (Hallux Valgus) are misaligned big toe joints which can become swollen and tender. A painful bump can form on the side of the foot just behind the big toe. The bump consists of extra bone that has formed due to one of many possible causes. The deformity is often genetic but other factors such as flat feet, ill-fitting shoes, or injuries could cause the bunion. It can be aggravated by shoes that are too narrow in the forefoot. There are conservative and preventative steps that can minimize discomfort. Custom-made insoles (orthotics) can help in many cases to lessen the pain and prevent the deformity from becoming worse. When conservative and preventative measures are no longer effective surgery can be employed to correct the situation.
Complete foot care includes trimming of toenails, removal of corns and calluses and sanding of thick nails and dry skin. Corns and calluses are formed from rubbing and friction. They are caused by excessive rubbing from shoes or too much pressure or a bone malformation. Onychomycosis(fungal infection of the toenails) can cause colour changes in the toenails mainly yellow or brown. This is a very common infection and does occur in about 10% of the population. Your Podiatrist can confirm this diagnosis and if treated early it can be remedied easily.
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Flat feet or hyperpronation is a physical condition characterized by fallen arches while standing. When walking the arch collapses and it moves inward. This can disrupt the body's natural alignment and can cause foot, ankle, knee, hip, or back pain. Different types of custom-made insoles can be prescribed depending on the severity of the problem.
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Athlete's foot ( Tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by a dermatophyte (a pathogenic fungus that grows on the skin). Sometimes it is referred to as Ringworm because it can cause a red itchy circular rash. It can be found anywhere on the foot, as well as between the toes. Dermatophytes can also attack the toenails also known as Onychomycosis. People who have frequent athlete’s foot skin infections are more susceptible to toenail fungal infections.
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An ingrown toenail occurs when the toenail grows into the surrounding skin. This leads to the skin around the toenail becoming red, inflamed, painful, and often infected. An infected ingrown toenail makes it painful to wear shoes. It usually does not improve with soaking or antibiotics. They are frequently caused by improper nail trimming, but also can be genetic. This problem can be corrected permanently with a minor procedure in a Podiatrists office under local anesthesia. The patient can resume normal activities the next morning and only needs to apply a topical antibiotic and a band-aid daily for 1 week.
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Onychomycosis (Fungus on toenails) is a very common problem among the population in North America. According to the National Institutes of Health in the United States In North America, the incidence of onychomycosis is up to 14% in the general population, with fungal infection responsible for 50% of all nail diseases. Here in Canada, the incidence of toenail fungus is up to 20 % of the population. Trichophyton rubrum is the most common microorganism found in cases of fungal toenail infections. The pathogen is commonly found in public places associated with humid conditions. Such places as public showers, gyms, locker rooms, and pools have a higher incidence of these microorganisms. Fungal infections flourish in warm dark humid environments such as the inside of shoes and boots. Risk factors include diabetes, circulatory or immune system problems as well as excessive sweating. People who have frequent athlete’s foot skin infections are more susceptible to toenail fungal infections.
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We adapt your orthotics (custom-made orthopedic insoles) to meet your specific needs whether for work, sports, sandals, high heels we have the type of orthotics of all your needs. Over twenty years of experience assures precision and accuracy in our prescription and fabrication process. Custom-made Orthotics serve to realign the 26 bones and 33 joints of each foot. This ensures good posture and proper alignment for the Ankles, Knees, Hips and Back.
Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury caused by excessive pulling of the tendon. The Achilles tendon is responsible for the movement of the foot and ankle in running, walking, and all other sports. Achilles tendinitis is very common in athletes, especially basketball and tennis players. The pain is situated at the back of the foot and ankle and can be chronic. If proper shoes, rest and icing the area does not resolve the problem it may be time to consult a Podiatrist to remedy the situation. Early treatment for Achilles tendon pain provides the best chance for a full and complete recovery in the quickest time possible.